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Hypoxia Induces Paclitaxel-Resistance through ROS Production

Authors
Oh, Jin-MiRyu, Yun-KyoungLim, Jong-SeokMoon, Eun-Yi
Issue Date
30-Apr-2010
Publisher
KOREAN SOC APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY
Keywords
HeLa cell; Hypoxia; HIF-1 alpha; ROS; Paclitaxel
Citation
BIOMOLECULES & THERAPEUTICS, v.18, no.2, pp.145 - 151
Journal Title
BIOMOLECULES & THERAPEUTICS
Volume
18
Number
2
Start Page
145
End Page
151
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/13221
DOI
10.4062/biomolther.2010.18.2.145
ISSN
1976-9148
Abstract
Oxygen supply into inside solid tumor is often diminished, which is called hypoxia. Many gene transcriptions were activated by hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 alpha. Here, we investigated the effect of hypoxia on paclitaxel-resistance induction in HeLa cervical tumor cells. When HeLa cells were incubated under hypoxia condition, HIF-1 alpha level was increased. In contrast, paclitaxel-mediated tumor cell death was reduced by the incubation under hypoxia condition. Paclitaxel-mediated tumor cell death was also inhibited by treatment with DMOG, chemical HIF-1 alpha stabilizer, in a dose-dependent manner. A significant increase in intracellular ROS level was detected by the incubation under hypoxia condition. A basal level of cell density was increased in response to 10 nM H2O2. HIF-1 alpha level was increased by treatment with various concentration of H2O2. The increased level of HIF-1 alpha by hypoxia was reduced by the treatment with N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a well-known ROS scavenger. Paclitaxel-mediated tumor cell death was increased by treatment with NAC. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that hypoxia could play a role in paclitaxel-resistance induction through ROS-mediated HIF-1 alpha stabilization. These results suggest that hypoxia-induced ROS could, in part, control tumor cell death through an increase in HIF-1 alpha level.
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