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Phosphodiesterase 3 and 4 Negatively Regulate Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B Ligand-Mediated Osteoclast Formation by Prostaglandin E-2

Authors
Noh, A. Long Sae MiYang, MihyeLee, Jung-MinPark, HyojungLee, Dong-SeokYim, Mijung
Issue Date
Nov-2009
Publisher
PHARMACEUTICAL SOC JAPAN
Keywords
prostaglandin E-2; phosphodiesterase; osteoblast, osteoclast
Citation
BIOLOGICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN, v.32, no.11, pp.1844 - 1848
Journal Title
BIOLOGICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN
Volume
32
Number
11
Start Page
1844
End Page
1848
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/13660
DOI
10.1248/bpb.32.1844
ISSN
0918-6158
Abstract
Prostaglandin E-2 (PGE(2)) stimulates osteoclast formation by increasing receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B ligand (RANKL) mRNA expression via cAMP-protein kinase A (PKA) pathways in osteoblasts. Since phosphodiesterases (PDEs) balance the concentration of intracellular cAMP stimulated by PGE(2), we investigated the role of PDEs in PGE(2)-mediated osteoclast formation using various cAMP-specific PDEs inhibitors. In the presence of PGE(2), PDE3 and 4 inhibitors were shown to dose-dependently increase the osteoclast formation in cocultures of mouse bone marrow cells and calvarial osteoblasts. In agreement with this finding, they stimulated PGE(2)-induced cAMP production followed by increased RANKL mRNA expression in osteoblasts, suggesting that PDE3 and 4 negatively regulate PGE(2)-mediated RANKL expression in osteoblasts. RT-PCR analysis revealed that PDE3A, 3B, 4A, 4B and 4D are expressed in osteoblasts. The PDE8 inhibitor did not increase osteoclast formation, although it stimulated PGE(2)-induced RANKL mRNA expression in osteoblasts. The four subtypes of PGE receptors are designated EP1, EP2, EP3 and EP4, PDE3 and 4 inhibitors were found to increase EP1/3, EP4 and/or EP2 agonist-stimulated RANKL expression, indicating that PDE3 and PDE4 negatively regulate PGE(2)-induced RANKL mRNA expression through four EPs. Taken together, these data suggest that PDE3 and PDE4 could have important pharmacological and clinical implications in hone-related diseases.
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