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Defect energetics and Xe diffusion in UO2 and ThO2

Authors
Yun, YounsukOppeneer, Peter M.Kim, HanchulPark, Kwangheon
Issue Date
Mar-2009
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Keywords
Formation energy; Migration energy; Resistance against oxidation; Fission gas release; Vacancy-assisted mechanism
Citation
ACTA MATERIALIA, v.57, no.5, pp.1655 - 1659
Journal Title
ACTA MATERIALIA
Volume
57
Number
5
Start Page
1655
End Page
1659
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/13818
DOI
10.1016/j.actamat.2008.12.010
ISSN
1359-6454
Abstract
We have performed ab initio total energy calculations to investigate the defect energetics and diffusion behavior of Xe in UO2 and ThO2 matrices. All calculations have been carried out Using density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation and applying the projector-augmented-wave method. Our results Show that the formation and migration energies of vacancy defects are more than twice as high in ThO2 compared with UO2. Another notable difference between the two oxides is the role played by an oxygen vacancy ill the movement of a cation vacancy. An vacancy enhances the movement Of a uranium vacancy by lowering its migration energy by about 1 eV, but a similar effect is not observed in ThO2. The different behavior of cation vacancies in the two oxides strongly affects the mobility of fission gases and leads to differences in their respective diffusion behavior. We sui, est that the strong resistance against oxidation of ThO2 prevents the creation and migration of defects. and results ill a lower mobility of fission gases ill ThO2 as compared to UO2. (C) 2008 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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