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秦漢律의 耐刑 ― 士伍로의 수렴 시스템과 관련하여 ―秦漢律的耐刑

Other Titles
秦漢律的耐刑
Authors
임중혁
Issue Date
Feb-2008
Publisher
중국고중세사학회
Keywords
Nai Punishment; Cheng Dan Chong; Gui Xin Bai Can; Li Chen Qie; Si Kou; Shu Ren; Shi Wu; 耐刑; 城旦舂; 鬼薪白粲; 隸臣妾; 司寇; 庶人; 士伍
Citation
중국고중세사연구, no.19, pp 103 - 178
Pages
76
Journal Title
중국고중세사연구
Number
19
Start Page
103
End Page
178
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/14544
DOI
10.15840/amch.2008..19.003
ISSN
1229-7860
Abstract
耐罪由鬼薪白粲、隸臣妾、司寇、候等多種因素構成,但從特征與出現頻率來看,耐刑的主要刑罰是隸臣妾。雲夢秦律和二年律令從未出現關於司寇科刑的記載, 因此,司寇不是耐刑的主要刑罰。沒有出現司寇的原因在於“其不名耐者”,卽,因以“耐”爲“司寇”,無須再用“司寇”。將“其不名耐者”當作司寇,旨在調整徒隸與編戶齊民的比例。卽建立了司寇之子可自動成爲士伍的機制,在有爵者和徒隸之間增設士伍階層,有爵而未立軍功者,被逐漸貶謫爲士伍階層;徒隸階層則通過赦免等方式恢複士伍的身份。在此框架內,不名耐者被定爲司寇,其子又可自動成爲士伍,由此避免輕度的耐淪爲徒隸身份,進而確保編戶層這一社會基層的數量。
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