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NRF2-mediated SIRT3 induction protects hepatocytes from ER stress-induced liver injury

Authors
Kim, AyoungKoo, Ja HyunLee, Jung MinJoo, Min SungKim, Tae HyunKim, HyunsungJun, Dae WonKim, Sang Geon
Issue Date
Mar-2022
Publisher
WILEY
Keywords
CHOP; ER stress; liver disease; NRF2; SIRT3
Citation
FASEB JOURNAL, v.36, no.3
Journal Title
FASEB JOURNAL
Volume
36
Number
3
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/145858
DOI
10.1096/fj.202101470R
ISSN
0892-6638
Abstract
Chronic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in hepatocytes plays a role in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Therefore, given the association between oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and ER stress, our study investigated the role of NRF2-mediated SIRT3 activation in ER stress. SIRT3, a sirtuin, was predicted as the target of NRF2 based on bioinformatic analyses and animal experiments. Nrf2 abrogation diminished mitochondrial DNA content in hepatocytes with Ppargc1 alpha and Cpt1a inhibition, whereas its overexpression enhanced oxygen consumption. Further, chromatin immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays indicated that NRF2 induced SIRT3 through the antioxidant responsive element (ARE) sites comprising the -641 to -631 bp and -419 to -409 bp regions. In tunicamycin-induced ER stress conditions and liver injury animal models following ER stress, NRF2 levels were highly correlated with SIRT3. Nrf2 deficiency enhanced the tunicamycin-mediated induction of CHOP, which was attenuated by Sirt3 overexpression. Further, Sirt3 delivery to hepatocytes in Nrf2 knockout mice prevented tunicamycin from increasing mortality by decreasing ER stress. SIRT3 was upregulated in livers of patients with nonalcoholic liver diseases, whereas lower SIRT3 expression coincided with more severe disease conditions. Taken together, our findings indicated that NRF2-mediated SIRT3 induction protects hepatocytes from ER stress-induced injury, which may contribute to the inhibition of liver disease progression.
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