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Digital empowerment for shipping development: a framework for establishing a smart shipping index system

Authors
Xiao, YiChen, ZhuoMcNeil, Levi
Issue Date
Aug-2022
Publisher
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Keywords
Smart shipping; digitalization; smart ports; delphi method; maritime transport
Citation
MARITIME POLICY & MANAGEMENT, v.49, no.6, pp.850 - 863
Journal Title
MARITIME POLICY & MANAGEMENT
Volume
49
Number
6
Start Page
850
End Page
863
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/146826
DOI
10.1080/03088839.2021.1894364
ISSN
0308-8839
Abstract
With the development of new technologies, smart shipping makes possible one system that connects ports and ships to help stakeholders make decisions with greater efficiency, minimized costs and smaller ecological footprints. However, smart shipping is at the preliminary stage, and the related literature on smart shipping systems or domains is still lacking. To understand and develop smart shipping, our study intends to establish an index system based on the literature review and the Delphi method. Consequently, the system, which includes four first-level indexes, 17 second-level indexes, and 61 third-level indexes, is established. As the main domains, smart waterways, smart ports, smart ships, and maritime intelligence compose the smart shipping system. Among these four domains, the coordinated opinion of experts proposes that smart ports are very important for achieving smart shipping. Furthermore, based on the means of each index, indexes with higher scores can help stakeholders who want to participate in smart shipping make decisions.
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