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Genetic and chemical markers for authentication of three Artemisia species: A. capillaris, A. gmelinii, and A. fukudo

Authors
Lee, Y.S.Woo, S.Kim, J.-K.Park, J.Y.Izzah, N.K.Park, H.-S.Kang, J.H.Lee, T.J.Sung, S.H.Kang, K.B.Yang, T.-J.
Issue Date
Mar-2022
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Citation
PLoS ONE, v.17, no.3
Journal Title
PLoS ONE
Volume
17
Number
3
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/151401
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0264576
ISSN
1932-6203
Abstract
The genus Artemisia is an important source of medicines in both traditional and modern pharmaceutics, particularly in East Asia. Despite the great benefits of herbal medicine, quality assessment methods for these medicinal herbs are lacking. The young leaves from Artemisia species are generally used, and most of the species have similar morphology, which often leads to adulteration and misuse. This study assembled five complete chloroplast genomes of three Artemisia species, two accessions of A. gmelinii and A. capillaris, and one A. fukudo. Through comparative analysis, we revealed genomic variations and phylogenetic relationships between these species and developed seven InDel-based barcode markers which discriminated the tested species from each other. Additionally, we analyzed specialized metabolites from the species using LC-MS and suggested chemical markers for the identification and authentication of these herbs. We expect that this integrated and complementary authentication method would aid in reducing the misuse of Artemisia species. Copyright: © 2022 Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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