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Social media effects?: Exploring the relationships among communication channels, scientific knowledge and BSE risk perceptions

Authors
Moon, MiriShim, Jae-chul
Issue Date
Nov-2019
Publisher
Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Keywords
Culture; Internet; Mass media; Risk communication; Social media
Citation
Journal of Communication Management, v.23, no.4, pp 281 - 297
Pages
17
Journal Title
Journal of Communication Management
Volume
23
Number
4
Start Page
281
End Page
297
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/1738
DOI
10.1108/JCOM-01-2019-0002
ISSN
1363-254X
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships among media exposure, general scientific knowledge and the public’s risk perceptions of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). Design/methodology/approach: Data for this study are based on a survey of 1,001 South Korean adult consumers (502 females and 499 males). The data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0, and multiple linear regression was performed to examine the relationships between risk perceptions and the types of media channel exposure, as well as between risk perceptions and general scientific knowledge. Findings: Results showed that among the measured socio-demographic characteristics, gender was a significant factor. With regard to the variability of media exposure, individuals who were exposed to more internet news were found to have higher risk perceptions in terms of how BSE could affect themselves, while respondents who were more exposed to social networking sites (SNSs) were concerned about how the disease could affect others. Originality/value: This study provides additional evidence of the third-person effect in risk perceptions of BSE, filling scientific knowledge gaps. Hence, this study suggests that the types of media channels (internet news, television and SNSs) should be considered as significant predictors of risk perceptions about food hazards related to the health of the consumer and others. © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited.
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