Akkermansia muciniphila Prevents Fatty Liver Disease, Decreases Serum Triglycerides, and Maintains Gut Homeostasis
- Kim, Sejeong; Lee, Yewon; Kim, Yujin; Seo, Yeongeun; Lee, Heeyoung; Ha, Jimyeong; Lee, Jeeyeon; Choi, Yukyung; Oh, Hyemin; Yoon, Yohan
- Issue Date
- AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
- gut microbiota; fatty liver disease; Akkermansia muciniphila; obesity
- APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, v.86, no.7
- Journal Title
- APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY
- The objective of this study was to elucidate the effect of intestinal Akkermansia muciniphila bacteria on fatty liver disease. Five-week-old C57BL/6N mice were administered either phosphate-buffered saline (PBS; control) or A. muciniphila at 10(8) to 10(9) CFU/ml, and were fed either a 45% fat diet (high-fat diet [FIFE))) or a 10% fat diet (normal diet [ND]) for 10 weeks. After 10 weeks, the mice were euthanized, and blood and tissue samples, including adipose tissue, cecum, liver, and brain, were immediately collected. Biochemical and histological analyses were conducted, and the expression levels of related factors were compared to determine the antiobesity effects of Akkermansia muciniphila. The gut microbiome was analyzed in fecal samples. Oral administration of A. muciniphila significantly (P < 0.05) lowered serum triglyceride (TG) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels in obese mice. Compared to the non-A. muciniphila-treated group, the expression of SREBP (regulator of TG synthesis in liver tissue) was decreased in the A. muciniphila-treated group. The expression of IL-6 in the liver of obese mice was decreased following the administration of A. muciniphila. Furthermore, alterations in the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes and the decrease in bacterial diversity caused by the HFD were restored upon the administration of A. muciniphila. These results indicate that A. muciniphila prevents fatty liver disease in obese mice by regulating TG synthesis in the liver and maintaining gut homeostasis. IMPORTANCE This study investigated the effect of Akkermansia muciniphila on fatty liver disease. Although some research about the effects of A. muciniphila on host health has been published, study of the relationship between A. muciniphila administration and fatty liver, as well as changes in the gut microbiota, has not been conducted. In this study, we demonstrated that A. muciniphila prevented fatty liver disease by regulation of the expression of genes that regulate fat synthesis and inflammation in the liver.
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- 생활과학대학 > 식품영양학과 > 1. Journal Articles
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