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Exploring effects of childhood parentification on adult-depressive symptoms in Korean college students

Authors
Cho, AhRaLee, SoYean
Issue Date
Apr-2019
Publisher
WILEY
Keywords
adult depressive symptoms; age of onset; childhood parentification; culture; duration; family environmental circumstances
Citation
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, v.75, no.4, pp.801 - 813
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
Volume
75
Number
4
Start Page
801
End Page
813
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/3712
DOI
10.1002/jclp.22737
ISSN
0021-9762
Abstract
Objective This study explored parentification dimensions, the age of onset, duration, and family circumstances to better understand the characteristics of parentification and its impact on depressive symptoms among Korean college students. Method A sample of South Korean college students (N = 316, aged 18-29 years, 66.1% female) rated their childhood parentification experiences and current depressive symptoms. Results Overall, there were few significant differences in parentification dimensions and depressive symptoms regarding family circumstances that contributed to parentification. Longer duration and earlier onset of parentification were significantly associated with higher depressive symptom scores in adulthood. However, only perceived unfairness was associated with depressive symptoms after controlling for the age of onset, duration, and other parentification dimensions. Conclusions These findings suggest the importance of examining situational contexts of parentification to better capture the effects of childhood parentification on depressive symptoms in adulthood.
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생활과학대학 (아동복지학부)
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