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Cultural policies for national music in South and North Korea (1960s-70s): a comparative study

Authors
Noh, Anna Seonglim
Issue Date
Jan-2019
Publisher
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Keywords
Folk music; court music; traditional and modernisation; statist nationalism; states and music
Citation
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CULTURAL POLICY, v.25, no.1, pp.20 - 32
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CULTURAL POLICY
Volume
25
Number
1
Start Page
20
End Page
32
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/3887
DOI
10.1080/10286632.2018.1557645
ISSN
1028-6632
Abstract
This article is a comparative study of the cultural policies of North Korea (DPRK) and South Korea (ROK) in the 1960s and 1970s, specifically concerning the disciple of music. In this period, both South and North Korean regimes demonstrated similar conceptualisations of 'national music', harmonising Korean traditional music with western musical styles, but the end result differed in the two regimes. The DPRK developed national music through a homogenised musical style by assimilating Korean folk music with a western musical style while excluding traditional court music, with drastic modifications to traditional instruments and musical forms. In contrast, the ROK's policy on establishing national music resulted in a combination of traditional court music for the ruling class and western classical music, indicating elitism. Particularly, this article argues that these distinct features of their national music were the result of differences in the strength and interest of government officials between the regimes.
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