Association between dietary diversity and obesity in the Filipino Women's Diet and Health Study (FiLWHEL): A cross-sectional studyopen access
- Abris, Grace P.; Provido, Sherlyn Mae P.; Hong, Sangmo; Yu, Sung Hoon; Lee, Chang Beom; Lee, Jung Eun
- Issue Date
- PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
- PLOS ONE, v.13, no.11
- Journal Title
- PLOS ONE
- Background Dietary diversity-eating a more varied diet, may be one of the important components of a healthy diet. We aimed to examine whether dietary diversity score was associated with lower prevalence of obesity. Methods This is a cross-sectional study of 402 married immigrant participants enrolled in the Filipino Women's diet and health study (FiLWHEL). Dietary information was obtained using the 24-hour recall method. Anthropometric measurements including height, weight, and waist circumference were directly measured. Dietary diversity score was calculated by summing up the reported number of food groups and additional scores for diversity within food groups were derived. We defined general obesity as body mass index (BMI) of >= 25 kg/m(2) and abdominal obesity as waist circumference of >= 80 cm. We calculated odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals using the multivariable logistic regression accounting for several potential confounders. Results Dietary diversity score was inversely associated with abdominal and general obesity; odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) were 0.49 (0.30-0.82) (p for trend = 0.009) for abdominal obesity and 0.47 (0.28-0.81) (p for trend = 0.008) for general obesity when we compared the third tertile of diversity scores with the first tertile. In the analyses of diversity within food groups, greater diversity in other vegetables was associated with 49% or 50% lower prevalence of abdominal or general obesity, respectively. Furthermore, poultry diversity score was associated with 56% lower prevalence of general obesity. Conclusion Our study suggests the evidence that high dietary diversity appears to be related to low prevalence of obesity.
- Files in This Item
Go to Link
- Appears in
- 생활과학대학 > 식품영양학과 > 1. Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.