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가자미 구이 저작․연하 용이 노인식 개발Development of Easily Chewable and Swallowable Pan-fried Flat Fish for Elderly

Other Titles
Development of Easily Chewable and Swallowable Pan-fried Flat Fish for Elderly
Authors
김수정주나미
Issue Date
Feb-2015
Publisher
한국식품영양학회
Keywords
easily chewable and swallowable foods; gelification method; pan fried flat fish; optimization; response surface design(RSM)
Citation
한국식품영양학회지, v.28, no.1, pp.153 - 159
Journal Title
한국식품영양학회지
Volume
28
Number
1
Start Page
153
End Page
159
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/5620
DOI
10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.1.153
ISSN
1225-4339
Abstract
This study was conducted to develop food for the elderly, which are well-shaped and easy to chew and swallow. The amounts of water and gelatin were adjusted to facilitate breaking down of the food with the tongue. In the aging society, it is necessary to support the development of a variety of products that can ease the intake functions of swallowing and chewing, while complementing with the essential nutrients supplements; such products can be actively commercialized in the elderly industry. Various types of food, for elderly with difficulties in chewing and swallowing, were used for sensory assessment. Sensory panel consisted of 10 dietitians (10 women) in nursing care facilities. The sensory optimal composite recipes were determined by central composite design (CCD). The sensory measurements were significantly different in the appearance (p<0.01), saltiness (p<0.01) and overall quality (p<0.01). The optimum formulation of pan fried flat fish, calculated by numerical and graphical method, was 8.54 g of salt and 6.34 g of olive oil. Moisture content, hardness, and adhesiveness of pan fried flat fish were 84.77%, 250, and -1.20, respectively. The result showed that easily chewable and swallowable pan fried flat fish for the elderly will have sufficient competitiveness, considering its safety, taste, and preference. This study may provide the basic materials for the development of easily chewable and swallowable foods for elderly.
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생활과학대학 (식품영양학과)
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