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戰國秦에서 漢初까지의 토지제도 綜觀A Synthetic Study of Land Ownership in the Warring States Period and the Qin, the Early Former Han

Other Titles
A Synthetic Study of Land Ownership in the Warring States Period and the Qin, the Early Former Han
Authors
임중혁
Issue Date
Feb-2015
Publisher
중국고중세사학회
Keywords
Land-granting System; Private Land Ownership; decrees of report the value of peasant”s land; Laws and decrees of Two years; Zouyanzhuang of Yuelu Qin Bamboo Slips; 授田制; 土地私有制; 自實田; 二年律令; 岳麓书院藏秦简奏讞狀 Land-granting System; Private Land Ownership; decrees of report the value of peasant”s land; Laws and decrees of Two years; Zouyanzhuang of Yuelu Qin Bamboo Slips; 수전제; 토지사유제; 자실전; 이년율령; 악록서원장진간주언장
Citation
중국고중세사연구, no.35, pp 237 - 286
Pages
50
Journal Title
중국고중세사연구
Number
35
Start Page
237
End Page
286
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/5624
DOI
10.15840/amch.2015..35.008
ISSN
1229-7860
Abstract
通过对⟪岳麓秦簡ㆍ奏讞狀⟫的分析,我们认为战国时期秦国允许土地的买卖與传承。秦国的土地制度虽然实行的是国有制,却也承认土地的私有权。土地授田之前属于国家,授田之后归個人所有,因此就带上了私有土地的性质。授田制度和土地私有制可以同时并存。据考证名田宅制度可以追溯到商鞅时期,因此董仲舒提出自商鞅时期起土地允许买卖的主张是有充分依据的。秦汉时期的王田思想表现为授田制。即使是天下土地的所有者皇帝也承认百姓的土地私有权。这一点并不與王土思想相矛盾,两者可以并存。二年律令的授田制实际上就是从法律上承认并保护個人土地私有权。
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