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An Exploratory Validation Study of the Computer Attitude Scale for ESL StudentsAn Exploratory Validation Study of the Computer Attitude Scale for ESL Students

Other Titles
An Exploratory Validation Study of the Computer Attitude Scale for ESL Students
Authors
이영주
Issue Date
Jun-2006
Publisher
한국응용언어학회
Keywords
computer attitude scale; validation study; factorial validity
Citation
응용언어학, v.22, no.1, pp.1 - 21
Journal Title
응용언어학
Volume
22
Number
1
Start Page
1
End Page
21
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/56820
ISSN
1225-3871
Abstract
Awareness of test takers' attitudes toward computers is critical in the development of computer-based testing. We need a reliable and valid scale to measure test takers' attitude toward computers. The present study investigates whether the Computer Attitude Scale (CAS) is a valid measure of computer attitude and whether it can be continuously used for ESL students. This study examines factorial validity of the CAS for ESL students. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) followed by an Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was conducted using SAS proc calis and SAS proc factor, respectively. The CFA examined the fit of a three-factor solution suggested by Loyd & Loyd (1985). All of fit criteria and the pattern of discrepancies suggest unacceptable fit for the hypothesized three-factor model. The EFA revealed that the three-factor model best represented the data where computer confidence scale was collapsed into computer liking scale. The results of the CFA in conjunction with the EFA suggest that the structure of the CFA is best represented by three underlying constructs such as a combination of computer confidence and liking, anxiety, and usefulness for ESL students. The CAS is generally a good measure of general attitude toward computers for ESL students. However, we need to develop a new scale to adequately assess their computer confidence construct.
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