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20세기 서구 남성 수염 스타일의 상징적 가치The Symbolistic Values of Western Beards' Style in the Twentieth Century

Other Titles
The Symbolistic Values of Western Beards' Style in the Twentieth Century
Authors
장미숙이화순이연희
Issue Date
Feb-2010
Publisher
한국의류산업학회
Keywords
beard; dignity; dictatorship; resistance; personality
Citation
한국의류산업학회지, v.12, no.1, pp.21 - 30
Journal Title
한국의류산업학회지
Volume
12
Number
1
Start Page
21
End Page
30
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/7382
ISSN
1229-2060
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to research the symbolistic values of western beards' style in the twentieth century. Namely, it is to consider the relationship between social-cultural factors and aesthetic meanings of western beards'style. The contents are, firstly, studying the conception and the types of beard. A beard is the hair that grows on a person's chin, cheeks, neck, and the area above the upper lip. At the World Beard & Moustache Championships, there are moustache category (natural, english, hungarian, dali, fu manchu, freestyle), beard category (natural, musketeer, goatee, sideburns,freestyle), and full beard category (natural, garibaldi, verdi, van dyck, freestyle), Secondly, this paper is continued by researching the history of beard from the ancient to the present day, and thirdly, analyzing political dictatorship, social resistance and expression of personality, religious dignity, related with the change of world situation, the formation of postmodern anti-culture and pop-culture, and the coexistence of traditional culture. There are long and bushy full beards in some religions like Hinduism, Judaism and Islam. The meanings of their beards are purity, life and holiness. The beards of some politicians symbolize dictatorship. Namely, the chaplin of Hitler, the moustache of Hussein and the musketeer of Castro express strong power and charisma. In 1950s'-70s' subcultures, Hipsters' goatee, Bikers' horseshoe, Beat generations'goatee and Hippies' natural represent the lack of adaptability and social resistance. Also, the celebrities and artists like Ronald Colman, Clark Gable, Don Johnson, George Clooney, and Salvador Dali express freedom, personality, and taste with beards. For that matter, the symbolistic values of beards' style in the twentieth century are the religious dignity,the political dictatorship, the social resistance and the expression of personality. Today the beards' style is one of fashion items as well as a symbol of masculinity, customs and classes.
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라이프스타일디자인학과 > 뷰티디자인전공 > 1. Journal Articles

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