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Negative regulation of NOD1 mediated angiogenesis by PPAR gamma-regulated miR-125a

Authors
Kang, HyesooPark, YoungsookLee, AramSeo, HyeminKim, Min JungChoi, JiheaJo, Ha-neulJeong, Ha-neulCho, Jin GuChang, WoochulLee, Myeong-SokJeon, RaokKim, Jongmin
Issue Date
Jan-2017
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Keywords
Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 1; MicroRNA; Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma; Angiogenesis; Endothelial cell
Citation
BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, v.482, no.1, pp 28 - 34
Pages
7
Journal Title
BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS
Volume
482
Number
1
Start Page
28
End Page
34
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/8915
DOI
10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.11.032
ISSN
0006-291X
1090-2104
Abstract
Infection with pathogens activates the endothelial cell and its sustained activation may result in impaired endothelial function. Endothelial dysfunction contributes to the pathologic angiogenesis that is characteristic of infection-induced inflammatory pathway activation. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 1 (NOD1) is a protein receptor which recognizes bacterial molecules and stimulates an immune reaction in various cells; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms in the regulation of inflammation-triggered angiogenesis are not fully understood. Here we report that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma)-mediated miR-125a serves as an important regulator of NOD1 agonist-mediated angiogenesis in endothelial cells by directly targeting NOD1. Treatment of human umbilical vein endothelial cells with natural PPARy ligand, 15-Deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2, led to inhibition of NOD1 expression; contrarily, protein levels of NOD1 were significantly increased by PPARy knockdown. We report that PPARy regulation of NOD1 expression is a novel microRNA-mediated regulation in endothelial cells. MiR-125a expression was markedly decreased in human umbilical vein endothelial cells subjected to PPAR gamma knockdown while 15-Deoxy-Delta12,14prostaglandin J2 treatment increased the level of miR-125a. In addition, NOD1 is closely regulated by miR-125a, which directly targets the 3' untranslated region of NOD1. Moreover, both overexpression of miR-125a and PPARy activation led to inhibition of NOD1 agonist-induced tube formation in endothelial cells. Finally, NOD1 agonist increased the formation of cranial and subintestinal vessel plexus in zebra fish, and this effect was abrogated by concurrent PPARy activation. Overall, these findings identify a PPARy-miR-125a-NOD1 signaling axis in endothelial cells that is critical in the regulation of inflammation-mediated angiogenesis. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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