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朝鮮時代(15세기~17세기) 文人 雜錄을 통해 본 中國小說批評A Study on Chinese Ancient Novels Criticism of Joseon Literati Between 15th to 17th Century

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A Study on Chinese Ancient Novels Criticism of Joseon Literati Between 15th to 17th Century
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朝鮮時代(15~17세기); 中國(古典)小說; 小說批評; 文人; 文集; 雜錄; Joseon of 15th~17th century; Chinese ancient novel; Literati; Novel criticism; Collection of works; Miscellany
중국학보, no.76, pp 241 - 262
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Joseon Dynasty and Ming⋅Qing Dynasty of China are in the similar period. The researcher, who studies Chinese ancient literature, has had a long-term interest in how the Chinese novels of this period were fread and transmitted by the people during that period after having been introduced to Joseon Dynasty. However, nevertheless Chinese novels had been loved for a long time, there's a situation that Joseon literary persons could not easily read and talk about them interesting. That was because, firstly the position and role as ‘literary person (文人)', also, due to the atmosphere and policy to read straight and neat sentences as ancient sentences (古文). If so, reading, writing, and imitating novels was prohibited through the period of ‘Munchebanjeong (文體反正)' as a strong policy for novel, however, how could those novels were preserved and could be read until now? To solve this question, the researcher investigated the record of Joseon Dynasty. However, meanwhile researches could not overcome the limitation of material, but the researches have been conducted mainly based on various records mostly of 『The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty』. Accordingly, frank opinion of literary persons other than monotonous opinion about the content of Chinese novels, bestseller during that period, were not easily find. Therefore, this research furthermore investigated mainly with the content that relatively frankly mentioned about the novels through the content of miscellaneous records in various forms that had mainly written by Joseon literary persons. Particularly, this research investigated based on various discussion that the literary persons exchanged with the criticism on Chinese novel through miscellany, the diary, journal, or essay, etc. by summarizing them, which literary persons didn't have to officially present as the annal(實錄), etc. During the 15th century, researches mainly discussed Paegwan Novel, while in the 16th century, discussion was continued on fiction as well as mention about various books. Among them, to investigate the catalogue of books which mentioned about the novels, mentioning about 『Taepyeonggwanggi (太平廣記)』⋅『Yuyangjabjo (酉陽雜俎)』⋅『Susin-gi (搜神記)』 continued besides 『Jeondeungshinhwa (剪燈新話)』⋅『Chohanyeonui (楚漢演義)』. There were more discussion on miscellaneous records as well as novel works since the 17th century, also, comparison and criticism on history books, 『Samgukji (三國志)』 and novel 『Samguk-yeonui (三國演義)』 was continued. This was beginning of awareness on fiction of novel, which was the continuous issue connected from the 16th century, also, a part of novel criticism. Nevertheless the fiction of novel was criticized by being viewed as ‘false’, mixed up with truth, it was remarkable point since it was a process to begin to perceive it as ‘a created story which is interesting’. Furthermore, there was a significance since it was a period when novels began to have widely read through continuous translation and publication. This way, discussion on novel which had been gradually progressed since the 15th century not only continued discussion on critical view and point between positive reaction and negative reaction on novel until the 17th century, but also the fever of it did not disappear even it went through Yangran (兩亂, Japanese invasions of Korea, the Manchu war). Also, this fever was determined to have taken a transitional role to continue more various and concrete discussion on novel in the 18th century.
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