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L-type Ca2+ channel agonist inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclast formation via NFATc1 down-regulation

Authors
Noh, A. Long Sae MiPark, HyojungZheng, TingHa, Hyun-IlYim, Mijung
Issue Date
1-Aug-2011
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Keywords
L-type Ca2+ channel; BayK 8644; Osteoclast
Citation
LIFE SCIENCES, v.89, no.5-6, pp.159 - 164
Journal Title
LIFE SCIENCES
Volume
89
Number
5-6
Start Page
159
End Page
164
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/12520
DOI
10.1016/j.lfs.2011.05.009
ISSN
0024-3205
Abstract
Aims: BayK 8644 is an L-type Ca2+ channel agonist that enhances Ca2+ influx and elevates cytosolic Ca2+. As intracellular calcium plays a key role in osteoclast formation, we investigated the effects of BayK 8644 in cultures of bone marrow-derived precursor cells with macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL). Main methods: We performed an osteoclast formation assay, a pit formation assay, real-time PCR, and Western blot analysis. Key findings: BayK 8644 concentration-dependently suppressed osteoclastogenesis, as well as the expression of osteoclastic marker genes. It also decreased osteoclastic bone resorption on a dentine slice. While the RANKL-stimulated induction of IL-1 beta and IL-6 was not affected, TNF-alpha induction was reduced by BayK 8644 treatment. In addition, BayK 8644 blocked la degradation and the induction of nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NFATc1), the master regulator of osteoclast differentiation, following RANKL stimulation. Finally, forced expression of NFATc1 reversed the inhibitory effect of BayK 8644 on osteoclastogenesis, suggesting that NFATc1 is a downstream target for the anti-osteoclastogenic action of BayK 8644. Taken together, our data suggest that BayK 8644 has an anti-osteoclastogenic effect by inhibiting RANKL-induced activation of NF-kappa B pathways, thereby suppressing the gene expression of NFATc1 in osteoclast precursors. Significance: Our results provide a molecular understanding of the inhibitory effect of the L-type Ca2+ channel agonist, BayK 8644, on osteoclastogenesis. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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