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Choline Transport via Choline Transporter-like Protein 1 in Conditionally Immortalized Rat Syncytiotrophoblast Cell Lines TR-TBT

Authors
Lee, N. -Y.Choi, H. -M.Kang, Y. -S.
Issue Date
Apr-2009
Publisher
W B SAUNDERS CO LTD
Keywords
Choline; Syncytiotrophoblast; TR-TBT; Placental barrier; Choline transporter-like protein; Organic cationic drug
Citation
PLACENTA, v.30, no.4, pp.368 - 374
Journal Title
PLACENTA
Volume
30
Number
4
Start Page
368
End Page
374
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/13793
DOI
10.1016/j.placenta.2009.01.011
ISSN
0143-4004
Abstract
Choline is an essential nutrient for phospholipids and acetylcholine biosynthesis in normal development of fetus. In the present study, we investigated the functional characteristics of choline transport system and inhibitory effect of cationic drugs on choline transport in rat conditionally immortalized syncytiotrophoblast cell line (TR-TBT). Choline transport was weakly Na+ dependent and significantly influenced by extracellular pH and by membrane depolarization. The transport process of choline is saturable with Michaelis-Menten constants (K-m) of 68 mu M and 130 mu M in TR-TBT 18d-1 and TR-TBT 18d-2 respectively. Choline uptake in the cells was inhibited by unlabeled choline and hemicholinium-3 as well as various organic cations including guanidine, amiloride and acetylcholine. However, the prototypical organic cation tetraethylamnnonium and cimetidine showed very little inhibitory effect of choline uptake in TR-TBT cells. RT-PCR revealed that choline transporter-like protein 1 (CTL1) and organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) are expressed in TR-TBT cells. The transport properties of choline in TR-TBT cells were similar or identical to that of CTL1 but not OCT2. CTL1 was also detected in human placenta. In addition, several cationic drugs such as diphenhydramine and verapamil competitively inhibited choline uptake in TR-TBT 18d-1 with K-i of 115 mu M and 55 mu M, respectively. Our results suggest that choline transport system, which has intermediate affinity and weakly Na+ dependent, in TR-TBT seems to occur through a CTL1 and this system may have relevance with the uptake of pharmacologically important organic cation drugs. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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