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19세기 영국 소년 소설과 이상화된 ‘여성성’: 『톰 브라운의 학창시절』과 『에릭』을 중심으로‘Androgynous Manliness’ in 19th Century British School Novels: Focusing on Tom Brown’s Schooldays and Eric

Other Titles
‘Androgynous Manliness’ in 19th Century British School Novels: Focusing on Tom Brown’s Schooldays and Eric
Authors
박소진
Issue Date
Jun-2010
Publisher
한국영미문학교육학회
Keywords
남성다움; 남성성; 여성성; 양성성; 천사; 제국주의; Manliness; femininity; androgyny; angel; British imperialism
Citation
영미문학교육, v.14, no.1, pp.63 - 82
Journal Title
영미문학교육
Volume
14
Number
1
Start Page
63
End Page
82
URI
https://scholarworks.sookmyung.ac.kr/handle/2020.sw.sookmyung/7307
ISSN
1229-2249
Abstract
The 19th century was the time when children’s fiction began to divide into boys’ stories and girls' novels. Because of this gender-based distinction, it is assumed that the characterization of boys was also clearly distinguished from that of girls. In portraying the ideal boyhood and manhood, however, traditional feminine characteristics were much emphasized. Focusing on Tom Brown’s Schooldays and Eric or Little by Little, this paper explores how 19th century British fiction for boys depicted ‘manliness’ as an ideal characteristic of British gentlemen, and this ‘manliness’ included the attributes of obedience, self-denial, humility and gentleness, which were also traditionally regarded as those of ‘angelic’ femininity. The main characters of the two novels, Tom and Eric―both strong and proud middle-upper class boys―need to learn the value of feminine attributes, and to become androgynous men in order to grow into ‘real’ British gentlemen. The emphasis on the moral aspects of manliness is related to the self-image of the British Empire, which sought to be ‘moral conqueror’ of the world. Thus, just as the influence of evangelical Christianity and the moral idealism of the British Empire diminished in line with its insecure status, the angelic characterization of manliness in boy characters and the emphasis on their moral aspects declined too, revealing that this image of ‘androgynous boy’ is another social construction of British Imperialism.
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영어영문학부(대학) (영어영문학부)
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