청소년기 부정적 자동적 사고가 우울증상에 미치는 영향Effects of Negative Automatic Thoughts on Depression in Adolescence
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- Effects of Negative Automatic Thoughts on Depression in Adolescence
- 하은혜; 송동호
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- depression; negative automatic thought; adolescence.
- 신경정신의학, v.44, no.1, pp.89 - 97
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- Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of negative automatic thoughts on depression in adolescence.
Methods: The participants were 1037 middle school students (415 boys and 457 girls) and 872 high school students (415 boys and 457 girls), they completed self administered questionnaire that was composed of CES-D and of K-CATS. The ANOVA tests were conducted with gender(2 levels) and grade(5 levels) as independent variables, and Pearson correlation analysis and stepwise multiple regression analysis also were conducted.
Results: The results showed that both depression and negative automatic thoughts are very high in females, and the age differences were significant; they were highest in the age of 17, the late adolescence. And the depression was significantly predicted by the combination of depression cognition, social anxiety cognition, physical threat cognition, with 51% estimation. Also depression cognition and social anxiety cognition significantly predicted the depression in males with 45% estimation, and in females, depression cognition, social anxiety cognition, and physical threat cognition predicted the depression with 57%.
Conclusion: Conclusively we might say the negative thoughts have high impacts on depression, and the depression cognition particularly has a significant impact on females. The limitations of the present study and directions for the future research were discussed.
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